Who Is The Last Viceroy?

What is difference between Viceroy and Governor General?

What is the difference between a governor general and a viceroy.

Governor General was a post for Administration whereas Viceroy was for Diplomacy.

After 1858, British Crown assumed sovereignty of India from the East India Company (EIC) via Government of India Act 1858..

Who was the 1st Governor General of free India?

Chakravarti RajagopalachariNew Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General. He was also the last one.

How many presidencies are there in British India?

By the mid-18th century three Presidency towns: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called “Presidencies”.

Who is the last viceroy in India?

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Is Lord Mountbatten Philip’s father?

As with many royal relatives, Louis Mountbatten was related to both Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth. A great-grandson of Queen Victoria, he was a distant cousin of the Queen’s as well as Prince Philip’s uncle.

How many Viceroys are there in India?

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Willingdon1931 – 1936Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944Lord Wavell1944 – 1947Lord Mountbatten1947-4816 more rows

Who is India’s first viceroy?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

Which viceroy was killed in India?

Lord MayoSher Ali was given life imprisonment at the penal settlement in Andaman Islands, when he stabbed and killed Lord Mayo, during the British Viceroy’s official visit to Port Blair on 8th February 1872.

Did Mountbatten divide India?

The British Prime Minister Attlee appointed Lord Louis Mountbatten as India’s last viceroy, giving him the task to oversee British India’s independence by June 1948, with the instruction to avoid partition and preserve a United India, but with adaptable authority to ensure a British withdrawal with minimal setbacks.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of IndiaViceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):Viceroy # 7. Lord Ripon (1880-84):Viceroy # 8. Lord Dufferin, (1884-88):More items…

Who was the first woman governor in India?

Sarojini Naidu was the first female to become the governor of an Indian state. She governed Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. Her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, is the longest-serving female governor with 11-year tenure in West Bengal.

Who invented permanent settlement?

Charles CornwallisIn 1786 Charles Cornwallis was sent out to India to reform the company’s practices. In 1786, the East India Company Court of Directors first proposed a permanent settlement for Bengal, changing the policy then being followed by Calcutta, which was attempting to increase taxation of zamindars.